The electrical grid in the united states comprises all of the power plants generating electricity, together with the transmission and distribution lines and systems that bring power to enduse customers. Such cyberphysical attacks can have detrimental effects on the operation of the grid as exemplified by the recent attack which caused a blackout of the ukranian power grid. The main contribution of this article is to provide the. This article was published in the international journal of renewable energy and smart grid ijresg, vol. Cyber security in the smart grid is a crucial issue that attracted the attention of researchers and industry professionals. While some solutions were proposed to solve security issues in the smart grid, vulnerabilities still exist. Pdf this article has given a broadbrush description of issues related to smartgrid security. Electric grid security refers to the activities that utilities, regulators, and other stakeholders play in securing the national electricity grid. Smart grid security threats, vulnerabilities, and solutions this session will provide an overview of some of the threats and vulnerabilities that exist in current and proposed smart grid deployments and potential solutions, including discussion of some case studies. Security challenges in smartgrid metering and control. Cyber security and privacy issues in smart grids request pdf. Smartgrid data availability places considerably more stringent demands on the communication and control system than traditional supervisory control and data acquisition scada systems do. This book investigates fundamental aspects and applications of smart grids, security, and privacy.
Whether labeled a smart grid program, or the inevitable modernization of existing infrastructure, added layers of security standards, controls, policies, and procedures are necessary to keep control of power generation and keep transmission and distribution equipment free from growing unreliability issues and malicious acts. Smart grid communication infrastructures wiley online books. This document provides information for a report to congress on smart grid security as required by section 9 of title xiii of the energy independence and security act of 2007. In its broadest sense, cyber security for the power industry covers all issues involving automation and communications that affect the operation of electric power systems and the functioning of the utilities that manage them in the power industry, the focus has been almost exclusively on. Security challenges in smartgrid metering and control systems xinxin fan and guang gong smart grid metering and control system. Reinventing the electric power system a 2012 reprint journal from pes. The traditional electrical power grid is currently evolving into. Attacks on the physical power system, in which the. The security of any future smart grid is dependent on successfully addressing the cyber security issues associated with the nations current power grid. The purpose of this edited book is to provide state. Hence, handling the security and privacy issues of smart network systems is of practical importance and provides motivations for new theoretical studies. Smart grid cybersecurity must address both inadvertent compromises of the electric infrastructure, due to user errors, equipment failures, and natural disasters, and deliberate attacks, such as from disgruntled employees, industrial espionage, and terrorists. The smart grids physical layers and communication and control systems. What follows are selected quotations reprinted with permission from etp, engineering and technology publishing.
If the users electricity consumption is transmitted in plaintext, the data may be used by some illegal users. Pdf smart grid systems modeling and control ebook free. As a result, we are motivated to investigate cyber security issues in the smart grid, which is of critical importance to the design of information networks and has been considered as one of the highest priorities for the smart grid design. The cyberphysical nature of the smart grid has rendered it vulnerable to a multitude of attacks that can occur at its communication, networking, and physical entry points. An overview enterprise systems web applications control systems protection systems information infrastructure electrical infrastructure ami dsm oms gis smart grid technology cyber secure 7. Thus, this special issue will focus on addressing the security and privacy issues of the smart grid in the context of machine learning or deep learningbased models. Electric power systems are being transformed from older grids to smart grids across the globe.
Smart grid cyber security potential threats, vulnerabilities and risks. Smart grid integrates the traditional electrical power grid with information and communication technologies ict. Security and privacy issues of smart network systems. The flow of electricity from electric companies to consumer becomes conservations and it not only saves the. Due to the critical nature of the smart grid operations, it is imperative to study deep learning based models in addressing these issues. The development of the smart grid carries with it a host of new cyberandit security vulnerabilities. Smart grid information assurance and security technology assessment project contract. The grid also connects the many publicly and privately owned electric utility and power companies in different states and regions of the united states. It is extremely important for designers and practitioners of smart grids to gain deep understanding about a wide range of malicious attacks to. The smart grid is an alliance of hardware, management and reporting collection of programs. The purpose of this edited book is to provide stateoftheart approaches and novel technologies for security and privacy in smart grids covering a range of topics in these areas.
This section surveys existing solutions and methods that address the cyber security issues in the smart grid. Article pdf available in ieee security and privacy magazine 81. This article has given a broadbrush description of issues related to smartgrid security. E source acquires smart grid consultancy utiliworks. However, even though the standards bodies define the security requirements based on a fairly comprehensive set of use cases in the power industry, there is still a considerable gap between understanding the security requirements in the standards and applying. Besides, an outlook on the main security initiatives at the eulevel is presented. Smart grid security threats, vulnerabilities, and solutions. The cyberphysical nature of the smart grid has rendered it vulnerable to a multitude of attacks that can occur at its communication, networking, and physical. The american electrical grid is going through one of the largest changes in its history, which is the move to smart grid technology. General cyber security concepts what does cyber security cover. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects.
This book provides a thorough treatment of privacy and security issues for researchers in the fields of smart grids, engineering, and computer science. Since the research on cyber security for the smart grid is still in its early stage, our objective is. February 7, 2020 provider of customerfocused research, data, and consulting for utilities and their partners, e source, is expanding its offerings to utilities through the acquisition of utiliworks consulting, e. Security challenges in smartgrid metering and control systems. Smart grid, cyber security emerges to be a critical issue because millions of electronic devices are. This article explores vulnerabilities created with ways to protect and strengthen the resilience of the nations critical infrastructure and key resources. Abstract the smart grid, generallyreferredto as the nextgenerationpowersystem, is considered asa revolutionaryand evolutionary regime of existing power grids.
Designing secure and privacypreserving protocols while guaranteeing the system performance is a challenging and hard matter. Security challenges to power grid and smart grid infrastructures p. Hardware security physical layer security in standard cmos there have been real instances in the broader market with devices that had unauthentic parts or were themselves totally unauthentic counterfeitthis situation brings a strong possibility of reliability issues. Designing solutions in at this stage, before widespread.
Strictly enforced for all communication mostly free endto end. Security aspects of the smart grid chapters 7, 8, and 9 provide an overview on the policy context and the security standards that are being defined at the level of smart grid security. In its broadest sense, cyber security for the power industry covers all issues involving automation and communications that affect the operation of electric power systems and the functioning of the utilities that manage them. The traditional electrical power grid is currently evolving into the smart grid. Al qaida and other terrorist networks recognize the vulnerabilities of the electric grid as every other key infrastructure depends on. The main aim of this transition is to meet the current. It highlights security challenges that are faced in the smart grid as we widely deploy it across the landscape. Agarwal additional general manager power system operation corporation ltd. Security remains to be one of the most important issues in smart grid systems given the danger and inconvenience residents and companies alike might encounter if the grid falls under attack. For decades, the power system industry has been developing extensive and.
This document is annex 2 of 5 to the enisa study smart grid security. Outline why security of power grid and smart grid infrastructure is important security in. It security strategies have been honed over decades. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience.
Pdf the traditional electrical power grid is currently evolving into the smart grid. Privacy and security issues muhammad rizwan asghar the development of technology able to. Smart grid will use advanced sensors to improve electricity efficiency and reliability cyber security experts say some types of meters can be hacked company. Section 2 focuses on the possible vulnerabilities in smart grid. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of cyber security issues for the smart grid. All standards bodies consistently specify three highlevel smartgrid security objectives. Securing the smart grid current security issues final. Three main security objectives must be incorporated in the smart grid system. Smart grid security international journal of smart grid and clean.
Security is a challenging issue since the ongoing smart grid systems facing increasing vulnerabilities as more and more automation, remote monitoringcontrolling and supervision entities are interconnected. Smart grid privacy via anonymization of smart metering data. It presents comprehensive insight to understanding the big picture of privacy and security challenges in both physical and information aspects of smart grids. A survey on smart grid communication infrastructures.
Special cyber security issues for the smart grid 3. Keep electricity flowing to customers, businesses, and industry. Defining product requirements, then, takes on an even more vital role. At the same time, malicious users may send false data such that the control center makes a wrong power resource scheduling. Nist will address these challenges through research conducted in the nist smart grid testbed facility and leadership within the smart. However, security and privacy issues in smart grids need to be addressed.
Createnet, trento, italy university of trento, italy smart grid systems. It starts with a brief overview of the smart grid and then discusses some of the reported attacks on the grid. Part of a longterm economic strategy bruce hamilton smart grid. Special issue on security and privacy in smart grid and. Ppt cyber security and privacy issues in smart grids. Threats, vulnerabilities and solutions abstract for article. While the smart grid has provided increased efficiencies in monitoring power usage, directing power supplies to serve peak power needs and improving efficiency of power delivery, the smart grid has also opened. Smart grid communication infrastructures examines and summarizes the recent advances in smart grid communications, big data analytics and network security. Illustration of a smart grid architecture highlighting the underlying cyber layer and security threats. Security remains to be one of the most important issues in smart grid systems given the. A holistic view of security and privacy issues in smart. Demand response at residential sites and security issues. Experts say industry is working to address security issues so smart meters dont become an infrastructure nightmare.1494 1429 37 953 1363 1386 1459 120 1392 769 16 916 1113 1566 1515 1214 32 689 14 175 1671 563 1436 1559 320 1424 319 1151 1466 1358 401 443 927 1152 235 567 722 24 1486 755 576 328 1481